Every organisation aims at increasing sales and reduce costs so that profits are ensured. For this the organisations expect that people work as and how they are required to work and get results. Companies should keep in mind that talented employees are more productive and profitable but there is a fine line between stretch goals and burnout even for talented resources.Finding new and efficient talent is always challenging and if an employee has to choose an organization to work with, flexibility at work and work life balance would be one of the choosing factors in these times.
What can excessive working hoursdo to the organization and the employee?
Talking about the implications of excessive working hours on the performance of employees and managers, every organisation today has its own way of working and the several employees have to work as per organisation demand. Many jobs require working for long hours and it is an indication of commitment to the organisation. There are many ways to define excessive work hours, some of which are extended hours per day, overtime at work, etc. Excessive working hours have an impact on employees well- being, job satisfaction, performance and being at the same workplace for a long time. Quite often it is practiced and has adverse effect like employees making more mistakes at work and decreasing efficiency. Working for excessive hours has a negative impact on the employee’s performance as well as their families, employer and community
For the employee, a few negative impacts of long working hours in personal life include less time for the family, stress and other personal life responsibilities. This affects the performance of the employee further by instilling them with fatigue and negative attitude which leads to poor performance. This again creates a bad impression of the employee on the employer. Extended working hours, especially in the cases where employees work for 24-hours shifts when the company needs, has impacts which result in reduced alertness, attention and medical indications. It’s revealed that employees exhibited substantial deterioration in alertness when working for longer work hours. Extended hours of work and use of mobile phone causes stress and the nerves of the neck get stretched due to sitting for long hours. This results in reduction of business and also the performance of employee.In such a case the employee is unable to manage his career and work life balance is lost.
Why is it important to Motivate and EncourageEmployees
The resources when working for long durations also feel largely demotivated when are made to work for longer hours without good incentives. For them to remain motivated the management should explain the employees their responsibilities and its importance for the organization. Where possible, employee suggestion should be considered and worked upon else the employees will work with lower efficiency and will not perform well. Employees should understand that when there is an economic down time, they are responsible for doing successful work and achieve the goals of their organization.
Apart from this, managers should work towards encouraging employees to work for excess hours. Some ways by which the manager can do this are, managers should take the lead and encourage the resource to finish the work on time, the employees should be given time management training and techniques, the employees should be taught to focus on the important activities first and the manager should encourage open communication.The Managers should have a clear vision and develop objectives accordingly with mutual consensus of the employees. He/She should instill confidence among employees to achieve their goal. These measures will keep the employees motivated. There are some managers want to know how a work life balance program will contribute to the organisation. Some want to incorporate work-life balance policy because it gives a value to the organization. They look for benefits such as improved retention, less turnover, higher productivity, improved morale, cost savings, greater commitment of the work force, healthy employees and becoming an employer of choice for employees, projecting oneself as people friendly and customer friendly company etc. When employee hardwork bears fruits, the managers should appreciate the hard work. A good manager should be responsible, vigilant and an effective decision maker. A good manager can show positives to employees working excess hours. Any situation that the employee has should be heard and measures should be taken to get rid of the grievance.
Excess work hours not only effect employees but also the employers and managers. When employees work overtime, it becomes the managers responsibility to see that the resource is doing fine and has to do the surveillance. When employees work over time, the managers have the responsibility to provide a suitable system for their work. The attitude of both employee and employer should be to work smarter than to work longer and harder.
To conclude, with changing economy and global markets, there is equal stress on employee and employer where both require to be flexible. This is important to maintain the key people in the organisation as well as to meet customer expectations. Employees should be given the benefit of flexibility and flexible working hours to keep their morale and productivity high and better deliver their services. Also this way the employees will be able to have a good work-life balance. Like there are two sides to a coin, there are various negative impacts of flexible working methodology as seen above. To regulate these negative consequences, the organisation needs to have proper management and organizational system. The employees should work to achieve organisation goals and in turn the employer should ensure that the resource personal lives should not be compromised and work-life balance is maintained. When the employer is able to provide his employee with a satisfactory work life balance, the employee remains motivated to work for the betterment of the organisation and this translates into a win-win relationship between the employee and the employer. It is the employers responsibility to ensure that during an economic crisis situation that the organisation faces, the resources of the company should be used judiciously and roles and responsibility of every resource is clearly defined. This makes work to be done effectively and efficiently